How a sloth is adapted to live in its natural environment
The sloth's body is perfectly built for living in the trees, for example their front legs are longer than their back legs for hanging from a tree for long periods of time. And curved feet for grasping tree branches. The sloth's grip is so strong that sometimes you will find dead sloth's still holding onto the tree. And even though the sloth is the slowest creature on the planet, which means it is a vulnerable animal it has benefits too, for example because the sloth is so slow it gives algae enough time to grow on the it which helps the sloth camouflage in the trees and seeing as it doesn't move around a lot, from the ground it looks like a bunch of leaves. The sloth's remarkable camouflage is also due to the way their fur has adapted to grow upwards to make it less noticeable. The fur growing in the wrong direction also has its other uses, such as because the sloth hangs upside down most of its life its almost if the fur is the right way so it offers protection from the large amount of rain that falls in the rainforest.
Where the sloth might be found and its habitat
The three toed sloth lives in the tropical rainforest of South America. The rainforest is home to more that half the worlds species, all squashed into the ever-decreasing space of the tropical Jungle, which is why it is so important we protect them and stop deforestation. Since the beginning of time humans have relied on rain forests for their supply of wood, plants and animals to eat, medicines etc. The Amazon rainforest has nearly 40,000 plant species, ranging from tiny shrubs to huge trees. But the sloth's are usually found in the tops of the Cecropia tree seeing as they eat the leaves, tender shoots and the buds of the Cecropia tree.
The features that allow the sloth to live in its habitat easily
The sloth lives in the Cecropia tree because it is home to their main food source. No other animal eats any of the food out of the sloth's diet because the leaves are hard to digest and provide very little amount of energy. So sloths have adapted to have large, specialised, slow acting stomachs with multiple compartments where the tough leaves are broken down.
The Sloth's predators and prey
The sloth has no prey apart from leaves because it's a herbivore, which means that it only eats plants. The main predators of the sloth are the jaguar, the harpy eagle and humans. But most of the time not many animals hunt the sloth, yes they are slow but they are hard to spot and high up in the tree tops. The sloth's most vulnerable time is when it's going for its weekly trip to the ground to defecate. The sloth's main threat is deforestation because the trees are their home.
How the features help the sloth to survive
The sloth's survival is due to the many strange and unique characteristics it posses that few other animals have. For example the tongues of the sloth can stretch out of their mouths from 10 to 12 inches to collect leaves just out of reach. And that the sloths also have an advantage that they have extra neck vertebrae that allows them to turn their heads some 270 degrees for watching out for predators. And as I mentioned earlier, the sloths have a extraordinary strong grip for hanging upside down from trees all day.
How the sloth can adapt to changes in season/weather/climate
The Amazon rainforest has only two main seasons, which are, summer and winter. Autumn and spring don't occur in the rainforest. Summer is the dry season that starts in may and ends around October. And winter takes up the rest of the year that is generally humid rain. The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 34 C or drops below 20 C. And the general amount on rainfall is around 100 inches a year. The weather is virtually the same (humid rain) all year round except for the dry season, which is obviously dry. The Amazon rainforest climate is typically a tropical climate. Like any other tropical rainforest, it's hot and humid throughout the year. The sloth has adapted to the rainy season by its fur growing the wrong way so the rain can easily drip of its body and it lives the in the trees so the leaves act as an umbrella. But otherwise the sloth is barely affected by the change in weather and seasons. It doesn't struggle for water in the dry season for it gets most of it from the moisture in the leaves it eats.